History

 

The first ceramic tiles appeared towards the beginning of the XII th century, when the Roman art was in full bloom.

Initially quite plain, they were glazed yellow, dark green and black tiles. Arrew kind of tiles appeared in Cistercian abbeys at the end of XII th century and at the beginning of the XIII th century. Large decorated tiles on a surface with drawings printed or engraved with a point.


Tiles from St Georges Castle Milly la Foręt XIIIth century


The pattrens were geometric or plant-like and were reminiscent of those that could be found on the monochromatic stained-glass windows of abbeys.

Towards the middle of the XIII th century, Cistercian tiles and Roman ornemental tiling were ti give way to a new kind of tiles that became quite popular from the Gothic period to the end of the middle-ages.

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From then on, new tiles with yellow dessigns on a dark red background could be made thanks to a technical innovation.
These two-colored tiles made with somewhat different techniques appeared towards 1240.
Industry was getting more and more hand-crafted and the last tiles of that kind were probably made before the end of the XVII th century.

Ceramic marquetry . The technique of decoration is distinctive. The decoration depends on a combinaison of clays and glazes of different qualities. The glaze is plumbiferous, transparent and light yellow. Applied on a tile of red clay, it will become dark red. The glaze will turn green by adding copper oxyde.


The technique consist in making a
hollow on the surface of a red clay tile
with a stamp,
then it is filled with liquid
white clay (in french : l'engobe), and
finally the glaze is applied.

 



The tiles are baked at 1000°.

This handicraft, outwardly easy, demands on incredible mastery of the alchemy of clays and
bakings.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Families of tiles

Carpet made of 16
16 tiles - 11x11cm

 

Carpet made of 4
4 tiles - 11x11cm

 

 

Frizes
3 tiles - 11x11cm

Bestiary
Tile 11x11cm

Characters
Tile 11x11cm

Geometricals
4 Tiles - 11x11cm

   

Les
couleurs


ivory


staw colored


honey colored


ochre


red


brown


green


esmerald


blue

All the combinaisons of colours are shown her as exemples.
Other combinaisons can be made on orders.
As for reproductions from models and various tiles'dimensions,
please consult us.


 

 

 

 

Laying and maintenance

 

Implementation :

- Laying on a wet coating :

Immerse the tiles in clean water and lay
them on mortar ( one third of cement for
two thirds of thin sand).

- You can also lay the tiles with cement ready for use.

Pointing pouring:

- Wait 24 hours after the tiles have been laid.

- The pointing (2 to 3 mm) will be made of white cement or of cement tinted with coloring oxides.

- Sponge the pointings.

Maintenance :

Leave as it is and wash in soapy water or in alcohol diluted with water.

 

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